Basics of flower arranging

Beginners must master the introduction to flower arrangement knowledge

If you are zero floral art foundation, but love flowers, want to arrange flowers at home, or even become a florist, open a flower store, then the following basics you better know, know this knowledge, can let you initial understanding of floral art, but also for the subsequent floral art learning to lay the foundation.
Some people think that flower arranging is just to buy a few flowers and put them into a vase for decoration, this is a little bit do not understand the art of flower arranging. As an art that has a history of thousands of years in both the East and the West, flower arranging has developed over the millennia, and the norms, techniques and principles are very deep.
So what exactly is the floral knowledge that must be mastered?
A, the different forms of flower arrangements
1、Step type
Like a step-by-step staircase, there is a distance between each flower, but not necessarily equal distance, as long as there is a step-by-step feeling can be, to the point of the flower material is more suitable. Such as: roses, chime, chrysanthemums, ear flamingos, tulips …… and so on can be. Can be done at the bottom of the ladder method of insertion, can also pick a high insert into a group. Each group should be composed of at least 2 or more, and blooming placed in the lowest, smaller budding inserted in the top.
2, overlapping type
As long as the shape of the surface is flat leaves or flowers, can be used to show this technique. For example: Galaxy leaves, this melon leaves, telecommunication leaves, smiley hibiscus leaves, sunflowers, sunflowers, sliced corn ……, etc. can be overlapped, each piece has a small gap. Its insertion method is usually placed at the very bottom to cover the sponge, or alone to show the beauty of overlapping leaves. When inserting should pay attention to the overlapping area of the leaf area is also large, the area of small overlapping area is also small.
3, stacking type
Stacked features are more flowers or color; regular undulating shape like a wave of the sea; short pedicels, flowers and flowers without gaps between; the use of flower materials to point, block is better. Such as: roses, chime, star flowers, peacock flowers, chrysanthemums, moss …… and even stones are available, suitable for the performance of the bottom color.
The focal point is the most obvious and prominent point in the work, from the front or side view are extremely eye-catching. One-sided flower shape to have a focus, to special shape, color, flower is better; if the flower is small, then the amount must be more, in order to form a focus. For example: perfume lily, Ji lily, lone flower, bird of paradise, crane plantain, dream plantain, phalaenopsis ……, etc., can be used as the focus of the flower material.
5、Grouping style
This technique is applicable to all kinds of flower shapes, as long as the same kind of flowers of the same color, grouping (more than 2 branches), partition (a district can have more than two different group performance), but each group needs to have a distance between. The length of the flowers can be high or low, depending on the shape, with dotted or linear flowers more suitable. Such as: roses, carnations, sunflowers, fire cranes, embroidery thread, velvet, night incense …… are available.
6、Grouping style
More than 3 flowers or leaves are gathered into a bunch with the technique of tying or bundling to show the strong and powerful lines formed by the concentration of pedicels, and the beauty of the flowers in a cluster. It is suitable for flowers that are in the shape of dots or mist and have straight stems. Such as: roses, chime, sunflowers, sunflowers, golden comet, asparagus grass …… etc. are all.
7、Flat laying type
As the word “flat” suggests, it shows “flat” without any high or low level, so it is one of the techniques to cover the sponge at the bottom. For variation, you can use different kinds of flower materials, as long as it looks like a flat surface.
Second, the basic flower arrangement basic shape
1、Horizontal type
The design emphasis is on the horizontal shape that extends horizontally. The center is slightly elevated, the left and right ends are elegant curved design, the most important feature of its shape is that it can be appreciated from any angle, mostly used for dining tables, coffee tables, conference tables furnishings.
The flower can be inserted into a triangle, isosceles triangle or unequal triangle flower arrangement. Flower arrangement shape simple, stable, giving people a balanced, stable, simple, dignified feeling. Mostly used for ceremonies, openings, gift baskets and so on. If applied in large cultural performances and other grand occasions, also show luxury.
L-shape often plays an important role in the composition of some spikes, large flowers and fruits are used at the corners, and small flowers are stretched forward to give people a sense of openness and upward.
4、Fan shape
According to the basic triangle flower arrangement shape for change, in the center of the radial shape, and constitute a fan shape, suitable for display in the space of a large place.
5、Inverted T-shape
The whole design focuses on the composition of the inverted T-shape. The ratio of vertical line and left and right horizontal line is 2:1, which gives people a modern feeling and is suitable for decorating in the environment where there is a small space.
6、Vertical type
The overall shape is vertical upward, giving a sense of upward extension, suitable for high and narrow space.
Elegant and luxurious shape, using a large number of flowers, group arrangement, the structure, contrast requirements are relatively low, is a natural sense of roundness, with classical vase as a container, suitable for church or ceremony and other occasions with a large space position.
8、Tilt type
The shape is unequal triangle, the length of the main branch depends on the situation, the whole composition has the characteristics of uneven left and right, mostly used for linear flowers, can effectively express the beauty of spreading natural.
Third, the size of the flower arrangement to determine
The proportion of flowers and floral vessels to coordinate
In general, the height of the flower arrangement (i.e., the first main branch height) should not exceed 1.5-2 times the height of the flower arrangement container, the height of the container is calculated as the diameter of the mouth of the bottle plus its own height, after the first main branch height is determined, the second main branch height for the first main branch height of 2/3, the third main branch height for the second main branch height of 1/2.
The third main branch plays a balanced role in the composition, the number is not limited, but the size and proportion should be coordinated. Naturally, the proportion between the floral arrangement and the floral vessel must be appropriate, so that the staggered, sparse and dense.
Regular flower arrangements and abstract flower arrangements are best handled according to the golden ratio, that is, the height of the bottle for 3, flower arrangements for 5 high, the total height of 8, the ratio of 3:5:8 can be, the bouquet can also be wrapped according to this ratio.
Fourth, the color configuration of the flower arrangement
The color configuration of the arrangement, both the portrait of nature, there is an exaggeration of nature, the choice of the main color should be suitable for the use of the environment. Heavy warm tones (red, orange, yellow) suitable for festive gatherings, dance floor restaurant, venue exhibition hall; bright and clean neutral tones for the study, living room and bedroom; and cool tones (light yellow, green, blue, purple, white) commonly used in memorial places.
In terms of the type of flower material, the wood for its deep and powerful, herbs for its distinctive and lovely. Natural floral art is not chaotic, not dazzling colors, even if there are no flowers, can also use the pine cypress as the main character. Patterned floral art, on the other hand, is characterized by strong colors and ardor, and can also include contrasting colors in the same work.
In terms of color matching between flowers and containers, a plain vase with fine flowers and light chrysanthemums has a sense of harmony; a strong and decorative dahlia with a shiny glazed rough pot can show its rugged style; a light blue water mantle should be inserted with low and dense pink daisies or chrysanthemums; a crystal clear glass vase with a fine neck should be inserted with gerbera chrysanthemums and decorate the main character, and make its branches and stems twine around the vase.
In terms of the characteristics of the East and West, the Western floral art, the number of branches, strong colors and strong contrast; while the Eastern floral art is less branches, focusing on natural gesture beauty, more light, light colors, with elegance.

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