Flower arrangement is an art form in which various beautiful plants from nature are arranged into beautiful shapes and express a theme through certain creative rules.
When it comes to flower arrangement, I believe we all understand the importance of composition, which is related to the overall style of flower arrangement works, and even the success or failure of the work itself. Whether it is oriental or western flower arrangement, if you want to make your own flower arrangement works better, these five principles of flower arrangement composition you should know.
I. Variety and Unity
Variety and unity are the most important principles in flower arrangement composition, and all the principles that follow are related to it. Variety refers to the sense of “change” and “difference” created by putting things of different shapes or nature together. The unity of all the things in the flower arrangement in form, color and nature, there should be a “common” point, so that the flower arrangement works as a whole to achieve harmony and unity. If you only emphasize “uniformity” in flower arrangement, it will make the flower arrangement lack of variation and look bland and tasteless. In the actual flower arrangement, the variety can be presented in many ways: the choice of flower materials, the choice of flower vessels, and even the different placement environments can also bring changes. Although it is true that a variety of flower materials can bring a sense of variety and make the flower arrangement more rich, many novices tend to greed for more, colorful, various forms of flowers together, not only no beauty, but also look disorderly.
Therefore, the choice of a variety of flowers, a large number of flowers for the composition, first of all, to ensure that the main priority, highlight the location of the main flowers, the number and color effect, not to let the auxiliary flowers to steal the dominant position. Second, to ensure the consistency of the flowers used, so that they have a unified point in color, texture or flower shape. In short, when composing a flower arrangement, make sure that there is variation in the unity and unity in the variation, so that your work can be better.
II. Contrast and Harmony
Contrast refers to the use of differences in the form, color, and nature of the flowers, and the combination of flowers together to complement each other, thus highlighting the characteristics of each more clearly. Harmony, on the other hand, refers to the commonality of the floral materials in the work, which is a key point to make the work form a sense of the whole, just like color matching, contrasting colors with too strong, will ruin the beauty of the floral works. To follow the principle of contrast and harmony, first of all, we must pay attention to the selection of flowers in the form, texture sense of the same and different, in the composition of the arrangement, the texture and form of similar but different flower materials together, often can play a better effect, such as roses and full of stars is a more classic way to match.
In addition to flowers, flowers and foliage should also pay attention to the issue of reconciliation and contrast, such as peonies, peonies and other large flowers and calla lilies with the broad leaves.
Of course, there will be a problem of harmony and contrast between the container and your plant, if it is a very atmospheric floral works, you use a small container is not very suitable, Chinese form of flower arrangement with European-style flower arrangement container will also make people feel dissonant.
Secondly, the color matching of flowers is always a problem that must be considered when designing a floral arrangement composition. The use of contrasting colors in floral arrangements can increase the sense of conflict and the work of life, but the use of improper ruins the work, so the use of “degrees” should be grasped.
Generally speaking, when the amount of flowers is small, the color contrast can be larger, and when the amount of flowers is large, the form and color contrast should not be too exaggerated, and must be reconciled.
III. Proportion and scale
When it comes to the principle of proportion and scale in flower arrangement, we are mainly talking about the following four aspects: the ratio between different floral materials, the ratio between floral materials and floral vessels, the ratio of the height and width of the work, and the ratio of the overall size of the work and the environment in which it is placed.
The ratio of the three main branches in an Eastern-style flower arrangement is about 5:3:2, which is close to the golden ratio. In principle, the auxiliary branches of each main branch should not exceed the main branch, and the center of gravity of the branches should be about 3/5 of the center of gravity of the main branch.
Western-style flower arrangements require that the flowers be placed evenly according to their size and shape. Generally speaking, if the overall height of a vase is 10, then the height of the flowers on the vase is about 6. The composition of a potted flower arrangement, however, is often to ensure that the ratio of the diameter of the pot plus the height and the entire work is about 3:5.
Finally, the proportion of the work and the environment of the arrangement, this will vary according to your occasion and the size of the room, in the home flower arrangement is more arbitrary, try to ensure that it does not look petty, crowded on the line.
IV. Momentum and balance
Momentum is the “dynamics” of the flower arrangement, that is, the main lines of the work and the dynamic sense of color and form. Balance, on the other hand, is to ensure the dynamics of the flower arrangement work, while making the work as a whole appear coordinated and stable. There is almost no work that does not have a sense of “dynamics”, but if you do not pay attention to the balance in the flower arrangement, the work will easily fall to the side, top-heavy, which will not look good. This is not a good look.
In Western flower arrangements, although there are also irregular forms such as L-shaped, but the mainstream
triangular shape and other shapes have a clearer symmetrical form, so it is easier to make a balanced.
V. Rhyme and rhythm principle
In flower arrangement, the so-called rhythm and rhyme refers to the regular repetition or gradation of the color, form and placement of each branch, leaf and flower in the shape.
In a flower arrangement, the changes in the height and length of the same flower material, and the changes in the shades of the same color can form a rhythm. If arranged properly, it is like writing a complete string of notes, which naturally forms a sense of beauty. These are the five principles of flower arrangement composition, master them well, I believe you can arrange more beautiful flowers.